The Atonement Part 47—Christ the Lamb of God

This lecture is the first of two proposed lectures critiquing the sixteenth claim of the Atonement School’s 17-point model of atonement, which states: As the perfect unblemished offering, Christ satisfies God’s wrath against sin once and for all, thereby obviating any further need for blood sacrifice.  This claim creates decidedly less furor than the model’s other claims for the simple fact that this theology seems to be held by everyone in the Christian world.  Even respected thinkers within Eastern Orthodoxy espouse this claim.

The exponents of this theology fail to reckon with the falsity of the two presuppositions atop which it rests.  The first of these false ideas states that all of the Old Testament sacrifices prefigure Christ.  In point of fact, only the Passover lamb prefigures Christ.  The sacrifices instituted after Israel’s apostasy with the Golden Calf have no bearing on Christ and the New Testament Church whatsoever, given that this “second legislation” was purely ad hoc and punitive. 

The second of the presuppositions wrongly assumes that Christ, as the Paschal Lamb, represents the fulfilment of the young goat slain as a sin offering on the Day of Atonement.  The obvious problem is that a lamb is a young SHEEP; a young goat is a KID.  Christ is the Lamb of God (Jn 1:29), not the “Kid of God!”  Additionally, the offering of the first Passover lamb was not a sacrifice of atonement; it was a sacrifice designed to destroy the heathen gods of Egypt.  The New Testament ascribes precisely the same purpose to the incarnation: “For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil” (1 Jn 3:8).
This lecture draws heavily from the Epistle to the Hebrews and from an anonymous work of the third century AD called The Apostolic Constitutions

Run time: 28:33; Posted: 3/31/14


Introduction to Series 1 

This lecture introduces the competing soteriologies of atonement and redemption.  Whereas “atonement” denotes the idea that Christ’s work on the cross is reparation for a wrong or an injury done to God, “redemption” denotes the idea that Christ’s work on the cross rescues mankind from a state of sinfulness.  This stipulative definition of redemption forms the core of what will be called the restored-icon model throughout the rest of this series. 

The listener will also be cautioned to approach theological authorities with discernment rather than veneration.  Veneration of the physician Galen (circa AD 131-201) retarded the study of medicine until Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) proved by experimentation that Galen’s medical writings were wrong.  This lecture applies this lesson to theology. 

Run time: 13:14; Posted: 4/18/13